Not only for heating
There are more and more vessels which use LNG. Norwegians are ardent enthusiasts of LNG-propelled vessels, in 2012 there were already 25 such vessels, mainly small, short-haul ones. The LNG terminal in Świnoujście considers fuelling vessels in the Baltic Sea. The port in Antwerp is also preparing to offer such a service, focusing on the North Sea.
Liquefied natural gas fuelled ships are still a novelty in Europe brought about by new EU legislation concerning caps on sulphur oxides’ emissions. The new EU regulations concerning fuels used in navigation will enter into force in 2015, virtually eliminating heavy heating oil which is currently the most popular marine fuel. LNG is most likely to replace it. Some Baltic countries are waiting until the EU regulations enter into force before switching to liquefied gas. The first cruise of a LNG-propelled M/S Viking Grace ferry took place in January from Stockholm to Turku in Finland.
There are more examples of LNG’s use. LNG is bought by consumers who have no access to the national grid. LNG reaches small and medium towns via ‘LNG satellite facilities’ (examples of such solution are apparent in Germany and Great Britain). LNG is used for power generation, for instance turbines in the Yokohama CCGT Power Station in Japan are powered by liquefied natural gas supplied aboard methane carriers from Alaska. LNG is also used for cooling or in the refinery and petrochemical industry. The cold emitted during the LNG regasification process is used for the production of oxygen, such as Fos-sur-Mer facility in France.